In Alzheimer s disease (AD) the brain cannot use glucose as a fuel. The brain can use ketones as a fuel instead of glucose. Researchers want to test a supplement, Ketone Ester (KE). It may improve brain metabolic function and cognition in normal people and, perhaps, down the road, in patients with AD.
To study the change in brain ketone levels in people after 28 days of taking KE compared with baseline and placebo. Also, to study changes in cognitive performance.
People 55 years old or older with metabolic syndrome and no cognitive impairment
Participants will have 4 visits.
Participants will be screened at Visit 1 with:
Blood and urine tests
Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either the study supplement or a placebo with same amount of calories. Neither they nor the researchers will know which they receive.
Visit 2 will include repeats of some screening tests. It will also include:
Stool sample (brought from home)
MRI/MRS: Participants will lie on a table that slides in and out of a scanner. A coil will be placed over their head. They may be asked to perform leg exercises.
First dose of study supplement or placebo
About 2 weeks after Visit 2, Visit 3 will include blood and urine tests and a questionnaire.
About 2 weeks after Visit 3, Visit 4 will include repeats of the Visit 2 tests.
Participants will drink the study supplement or placebo 3 times per day during the study. They will keep a daily log of each dose. They will bring the log to Visits 3 and 4.
Participants will by contacted by phone once per week during the study to see how they are doing.
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